Cannabis medicines may provide an alternative, or complementary treatment, to a range of medical indications. Australian GPs and specialists can prescribe a variety of medicinal cannabis products, available to patients via participating pharmacies.
Every Human has an Endocannabinoid System in their bodies that restores homeostasis by promoting sleep, appetite, stress reduction, modulation of pain and inflammation.
Different types of cannabis have different phenotypes (visual appearance). Their phenotypes are typified by their different chemotypes. A female plant’s chemotype is represented by the ratio of cannabinoids, plant terpenes and flavonoids present in the flowering heads. The ratio of these compounds is significant in medicine as terpenes and flavonoids are thought to interact with cannabinoids to enhance or alter the overall effect of cannabis on the body and its immune system.
Indica and Sativa are two species of cannabis plants with different phenotypes and chemotypes. As a result, formulations derived from these species have different medicinal properties and thus differing effects on patients.
Indica and Sativa species can be combined to create hybrid strains that have different effects again.
The fundamental difference between the two species is that Indica strains tend to have a deeply relaxing effect, often making the patient feel sleepy. On the other hand, Sativa strains are more energising and can make a patient more alert.